It is very common for a child to relocate, sometimes out of state, following a divorce or separation of his or her parents. This is why there is a lot of procedure surrounding it. When there is a dispute and the issue is taken to the courts, they always take the opinions of both parents into account before making a decision that is based on the child's best interests.
You must, however, take many things into account before undertaking a move. The most important of these considerations is maintaining open communication with all family members, and especially the other parent if he or she has custody of the child.
If you are finding yourself in a dispute with the other parent as to whether you should relocate with your child, you must think about which choice is in the child's best interests. Will you be moving closer to your family? Would it allow you to get a better or more flexible job that would in turn create a better life for your child?
You should also ask yourself how the move will affect the child's visitation with the other parent. If you are not moving far away, it may not be an issue; however, moving to the other side of the country will likely be detrimental to your child if it means that he or she will not be able to maintain the relationship with the other parent.
The court takes all information into account, and the age of the child, the distance of the relocation and the main purpose of the move are big considerations. If you are in a dispute about child relocation, it is important to develop a convincing case.
Source: The Spruce, "Child Custody Relocation Rules," accessed Dec. 06, 2017